See what you need to know about leg cramps (at night)
Leg cramps usually known as Nocturnal Leg Cramps (NLC) are a common condition that always happen during the night when you’re asleep which will lead to awakening. It regularly occur at night but can surface during the day in some cases most especially when you are not doing anything or resting.
The cramps often focus on the calf muscles, but it can affect any part of the leg, including your feet and thighs. It can be a bit painful and cause the affected muscles to feel tight or knotted whereby the symptoms may last from a little seconds up to several minutes. This means that cramps affect legs in such a way that by the time cramping has passed, you may have pain and tenderness in your leg for several hours.
According to Mayo Clinic, Night leg cramps, also called nocturnal leg cramps, are painful, involuntary contractions or spasms of muscles in your legs, usually occurring when you’re in bed. Also, Cleveland clinic reported that “Nocturnal (night) leg cramps are cramps that happen commonly during the night while you are sleeping. The contractions, most often in the calf muscles but also sometimes in the feet, come on suddenly”.
These cramps usually happen to adults with age of over 50 but can also occur in younger adults and children. It affect both males and females equally.
In brief, these are facts about Leg cramps:
1. The cramps mostly affect the calf muscle.
2.They only happen for a few minutes, but the pain can last more longer for several hours.
3. They are more common in older age and during pregnancy but also can affect younger adults and children.
4. In most cases, leg cramps are no or little cause for concern with no medical significance.
5.The risk factors includes dehydration, some medications, flat feet, Endocrine disorders (diabetes, hypothyroidism) and alcohol abuse.